Philosophy Word of the Day – Idealism

Belief that only mental entities are real, so that physical things exist only in the sense that they are perceived. Berkeley defended his “immaterialism” on purely empiricist grounds, while Kant and Fichte arrived at theirs by transcendental arguments. German, English, and (to a lesser degree) American philosophy during the nineteenth century was dominated by the monistic absolute idealism of Hegel, Bradley, and Royce.

Recommended Reading: David Berman, George Berkeley: Idealism and the Man (Oxford, 1996) {at Amazon.com}; German Idealist Philosophy, ed. by Rudiger Bubner (Penguin, 1997) {at Amazon.com}; The Cambridge Companion to German Idealism, ed. by Karl Ameriks (Cambridge, 2001) {at Amazon.com}; John Foster, The Case for Idealism (Routledge, 1982) {at Amazon.com}; and Current Issues in Idealism, ed. by Paul Coates and Daniel D. Hutto (St. Augustine, 1997) {at Amazon.com}.

(Via Philosophical Dictionary)

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